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Teaching Early Childhood: Citation Help

MLA Style Center - help center at the Modern Language Association home page.


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RefWorks is a web-based bibliography and reference manager that allows you to create your own personal database by importing references from text files or online databases and other various sources. You can use these references in writing papers and automatically format the paper and the bibliography in seconds. 

APA Example Citations


FAQ's About the APA 7th Edition

Here's a quick list of some of the major changes from the 6th edition to the 7th edition of the APA Manual:
  • Samples for professional papers, student papers, and annotated bibliographies are now included
  • Running head and author note is no longer included in student papers
  • One space (not two) should be used after a period
  • Publisher location no longer required for book citations
  • With three or more authors, abbreviate "et al." the first time you present the work in in-text citations, as opposed to writing all authors the first time and using "et al." subsequent times.
  • For a general mention of a website with no indication of specific page, no reference list or in-text citation is needed.
  • In your reference list, write out up to 20 author names as opposed to 7 authors maximum.  For 21 authors or more, use ellipses.
  • Present both DOIs and URLS as hyperlinks, and do not insert "Retrieved from" before a hyperlink.
  • More citation examples are included for social media, apps, media, and other non-traditional sources.
For more help, see these links below: